The Rubin is transforming. Read important updates from our Executive Director.

Tibetan Buddhism offered empires a model of universal sacral kingship while also promising esoteric access to physical power. The Tibetan Empire, Tangut Xixia Kingdom, Mongol Empire, Chinese Ming dynasty, and Manchu Qing dynasty embraced this path. This digital map shows each empire at the height of its territorial reach along with a timeline, illustrating the transmission of this tradition not only through time but also across overlapping territories.